When I discuss argumentation with my students, I often use Stephen Toulmin’s approach, which describes argumentative components like the claim (the big idea), the reasons that support that claim, and the warrants — the often unspoken assumptions from which the argument proceeds. As I tell the kids, one person’s warrant may be another person’s unsubstantiated claim (e.g., the Major and I proceed from radically different warrants).
In the WSJ, Shelby Steele outlines a key warrant behind the contemporary Left’s arguments, and the way that plays out in the current administration:
Bad faith in America became virtuous in the ’60s when America finally acknowledged so many of its flagrant hypocrisies: the segregation of blacks, the suppression of women, the exploitation of other minorities, the “imperialism” of the Vietnam War, the indifference to the environment, the hypocrisy of puritanical sexual mores and so on. The compounding of all these hypocrisies added up to the crowning idea of the ’60s: that America was characterologically evil. Thus the only way back to decency and moral authority was through bad faith in America and its institutions, through the presumption that evil was America’s natural default position.
Among today’s liberal elite, bad faith in America is a sophistication, a kind of hipness. More importantly, it is the perfect formula for political and governmental power. It rationalizes power in the name of intervening against evil—I will use the government to intervene against the evil tendencies of American life (economic inequality, structural racism and sexism, corporate greed, neglect of the environment and so on), so I need your vote.
[…]But there is a limit to bad faith as power, and Mr. Obama and the Democratic Party may have now reached that limit. The great weakness of bad faith is that it disallows American exceptionalism as a rationale for power. It puts Mr. Obama and the Democrats in the position of forever redeeming a fallen nation, rather than leading a great nation. They bet on America’s characterological evil and not on her sense of fairness, generosity or ingenuity.
Definitely worth your time.
H/T: Those nice young folks at the Gormogons.